Verbena bonariensis. If sited in sheltered locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis winters. It can grow to 6 ft (180 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEBOB: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Botanical Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian Vervain Family: Verbenaceae Category: Hardy Perennial Seed Count: 200. Sometimes, the common name 'Brazilian Verbena' or 'Brazilian Vervain' is found for this species. Bot. Verbena bonariensis, tall verbena, is a long-flowering perennial native to South America. According to Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk, it is considered a weed in Fiji, New Guinea and other South Pacific islands.. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. No serious insect or disease problems. Watch for powdery mildew. "The Names of Plants". , Its specific epithet means ‘from Buenos Aires, Argentina’. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. 1999. Verbena. The common name, vervaine, comes from the Celtic name, ‘ferfain’. V. bonariensis self-seeds readily. Named by Virgil and Pliny the Elder. V. bonariensis is commonly grown from seed which germinates readily without pre-treatment, but can also be propagated from herbaceous stem cuttings. Find help & information on Verbena bonariensis purple top from the RHS. Seedling. This species offers a completely different look in Verbenas. The Verbena genus consists of around 250 species, most of which are native to Europe and the Americas. Genus. Tall Verbena, Purple Top, Cluster Flower Vervain, Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening -, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_bonariensis&oldid=971240806, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Common Name. It is a perennial, hardy in USDA Zones 7-11.  It has naturalized in a number of southern United States. The genus name comes from the Latin Verbena, a classical name for certain sacred branches, probably of Verbena officinalis of Europe. This variety originated from South America where it is a common sight in most of the warm regions of Colombia, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. , There are two named subspecies:. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round Planting month for zone 8: year round Planting month for zone 9: year round The stem is square with very long internodes. It can be grown as an annual in areas where it is not winter hardy and will bloom in the first year when grown from seed. It carries 2–3" clusters of pinkish purple blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems. In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and "South American vervain" (which can mean any of the numerous species in the genus Verbena occurring in that continent). Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. This ability has raised concerns that it may become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats. Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. bonariensis : purpletop vervain VEBOC: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Plants more freely self-seed in the deep South where they have escaped gardens and naturalized in a number of areas. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Sprays holding rounded clusters of mid purple flowers appear on long stiff angular stems. Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in (10 cm) long. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5â long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5â tall bearing clusters (to 2â across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. Cambridge University Press.  However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. brasiliensis, the "true" Brazilian verbena, which has been erroneously referred to as V. bonariaensis by several botanists. This greatly benefits the reproductive quality and the expansion of the plants, since they will be able to pollinate more quantity. Set out seedlings or purchased plants after last frost date. Monogr. Verbena bonariensis. Synonymous with V. patagonica.Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Each flower about 2 mm diam., subtended by a bract about 3-5 mm long. Group or mass in mixed borders, meadows, cottage gardens. Verbena bonariensis L. Verbena bracteata Lag. Perennial. At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Verbena bonariensis aka V. patagonica. Scientific name: Verbena bonariensis Pronunciation: ver-BEEN-nuh boe-nar-ree-EN-sis Common name(s): Purple Verbena Family: Verbenaceae Plant type: ground cover USDA hardiness zones: 7B through 10 (Fig. Purpletop (Verbena bonariensis) is extremely similar to Verbena incompta, which is also known as purpletop, and these two species have often been confused. Its long internodes give it a sparse appearance but allow it to intermingle and coexist with other plants. Verbena bonariensis can grow four to six feet tall and yet is fantastic at the front of the border as a see-through plant. purpletop, cluster flower vervain, tall verbena. Spikes of Purple Goodness. Presently, the plant is on the invasive species watchlist for Washington state, naturalized in tropical and southern Africa, temperate Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the United States (including Hawaii), the West Indies, Macaronesia and the Mascarene Islands. The dark green leaves are very narrow and very sparse, so the plants are remarkably light and airy. It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions, from Colombia and Brazil to Argentina and Chile. Verbena brasiliensis Verbena californica Verbena canadensis Verbena canescens Kunth Verbena carnea Medik. bonariensis. Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board (WSNWCB) (2007): Yuan, Yao-Wu & Olmstead, Richard G. (2008): A species-level phylogenetic study of the, This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 23:09. Requirements to Grow. Verbena Purpletop vervain, Verbena bonariensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Verbena L. Type species Verbena officinalis L. Species Verbena alata Cham. Verbena Bonariensis also goes by various other names such as Purpletop vervain, Argentinian Verbena, Tall Verbena as well as Pretty Verbena. Purple Top. Common Name(s): Argentinian Vervain; Brazilian Verbena; Clustertop Verbena; Purple Top; Tall Verbena; Tall Vervain; Vervain The flowers which appear in mid- to late summer, are very attractive to butterflies, and provide nectar for native bees and many beneficial garden insects. Other cultivars and species: Some other species and hybrids are also used. Botanical name: Verbena bonariensis; Common name: Argentinian vervain ; Family: Verbenaceae ; Plant Type: Perennial Flowerheads are usually in groups of 3. conglomerata Briq. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. Common Name(s): Purple Verbena; Rigid Verbena; Sandpaper Verbena; Slender Vervain; Tuberous Vervain For earlier bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date. , Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species. Brazilian verbena (Verbena bonariensis). V. bonariensis is cultivated as an ornamental plant for traditional and drought tolerant and 'pollinator-host' gardens and parks. This is about the Verbena bonariensis described by Linnaeus. It prefers full sun to partial shade and needs regular moisture. They can be separated by the following differences: Verbena bonariensis has tubular flowers that are … The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. ‘Buenos’ means ‘good’ and ‘aires’ means ‘air’ (‘good air’). Tender perennial that is winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-10. Common Name(s): pretty verbena : purpletop vervain [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Verbena bonariensis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Verbena bonariensis It has a reputation of rarely being attacked by insect pests, but may be susceptible to powdery mildew. & Rodr. Locations within which Verbena bonariensis is naturalisedinclude Australia, eastern Africa and some oceanic islands with warm climates. Verbena is derived from Latin, meaning ‘sacred bough’, in reference to the leafy twigs of vervaine (Verbena officinalis) which were historically carried by priests, used in wreaths for druidic rituals, and for medicine. Brazilian verbena grows taller and a little more sparsely than other varieties. Common Names. In St. Louis, grow as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. Group/Species. It has become a favorite of North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers. It is a native plant of southern South American tropical regions. Glandularia sp. Verbena bonariensis L. Flowers borne in terminal spikes about 1-4 cm long. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5’ tall bearing clusters (to 2” across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. purpletop vervain Back to Previous Page. See also below for a common misapplication of this taxon. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Common Name: Verbena Genus: Verbena Species: bonariensis Skill Level: Beginner Exposure: Full sun Hardiness: Half Hardy Soil type: Well-drained/light, Moist Height: 150cm Spread: 45cm Where is this species invasive in the US. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.. Fruit splits open when seed matures. Even if plants do not survive winter, they often remain in St. Louis gardens for a number of years through self-seeding. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Verbena bonariensis – A super hardy perennial from Brazil that is well suited to our Australian gardens. – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. Seed may be sown directly in the garden after last frost date. The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden is fulfilling the … Gledhill, David (2008). Common Name: tall verbena Type: Herbaceous perennial Zone: 7 to 11 ... Comes back forever, which isn't that common for Verbena in northern CA. As seed starts to mature at base last flowers still cling to top. This species grows best in a well-drained soil. Type. Common Name: Argentinian Vervain, Tall Verbena: Scientific Name: Verbena Bonariensis: Plant Family: Verbenaceae: Origin: Native to South America: Height: This is a tall perennial, suitable for the middle or back of the border and reaching a height of up to 1.5 metres (5 feet) Its scientific name is Verbena bonariensis and it is quite famous for its ability to attract butterflies and other insects to your garden. For the misapplication "Brazilian verbena" see below. I think the common name Brazilian Verbena would be better suited to Verbena brasiliensis, which is not the same species as V. bonariensis. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Verbenaceae – Verbena family Genus: Verbena L. – vervain Species: Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Verbena bonariensis: Brazilian verbena, Purpletop vervain, Purple top vervain. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensisfor example.Yuan & Olmstead (2008) Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species.E.g. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names purple top … Tolerates poor soils as long as drainage is good. Scientific Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian vervain Quantity Available: 30 Container Size: Quart Price: $7.00 Mature Height: 4' Mature Width: 3' Description: Rapid growing, clump forming habit with dark green foliage and tall stems with clusters of rose- … Syst. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Scientific Name. Charmed me more and more as time went by. Verbena x hybrida aka Glandularia x hybrida. USDA (2007) However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. bra… The species, bonariensis was named for the city of Buenos Aires, in South America where it was first discovered. Verbena demissa Verbena gla… Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensis for example. Verbena canadensis, (Glandularia canadensis) is also sometimes used. is the moss verbena. Common name: Verbena, V. bonariensis = Tall verbena or Brazillian vervain. Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) Blue Princess verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Blue Princess’). Verbena bonariensis (syn. Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). V. patagonica) is a short-lived herbaceous perennial that goes by the common name of Purpletop Vervain. Spikes usually in umbellate or cymose clusters. This is a newer hybrid variety of verbena that produces beautiful deep blue flowers. They can even grow up to four feet (1.2 meters) if over-fertilized. Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. If you like flowers with double functionality, Verbena bonariensis is yours. , Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. Mix it with Cosmos 'Purity' and Gaura lindheimeri to create a lovely, airy filling to a border, and there is no better plant for lining a path. They can be put at the front of the border without blocking the plants behind. Origin. Blooms mid summer to fall.
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