In our region, it is represented by a single species. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. ex Cav. Height: 20 feet. Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, The flowers are throughout the family (Sterculiaceae s.s) and may. Width: 12 feet. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. witch hazel family. Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) (lat. Has Evergreen foliage. Members of the Betulaceae are well represented in the Cenozoic of the Northern Hemisphere (Crane and Stockey, 1987) (FIG. Descriptions of family characteristics of the Sterculiaceae, Bombacaceae, and Malvaceae are very similar (Cronquist 1981; Heywood 1978), and mention is often made of the close rela-tionship among these families. , L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sterculiaceae&oldid=985246956, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A thorough re-evaluation of intergeneric relationships in … Cola Schott & Endl. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian.There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). The family Tiliaceae is related to Sterculiaceae in habit, leaves, stipules and androphore (Grewia). Synonyms. This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. 2001. Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order (Malvales), comprising 27 genera. The family includes: Adansonia digitata, the African baobab (q.v. Species: 25 (approx.) Rounded Shape. Possibly from old celtic or sanskrit words, 'sal'= near + 'lis'= water, refering to its prefered habitat.) attained by any family, such as the Sterculiaceae, and also to arrange the genera within the family in order, representing an advancing series of specialization in regard to vessel-member length, pitting or ray type. Fremontodendron californicum subsp. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 20:55. Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. vegetative; fruits fruits/seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you? Additional Common Names. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the presence of stellate hairs. – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. Tree Characteristics. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Trochetia parviflora is a very rare shrub from the Trochetia genus endemic to Mauritius. Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). ). Sterculiaceae may be separated from Malvaceae sensu stricto by the smooth surface of the pollen grains and the bilocular anthers. frequently consists of two whorls of 5 stamens each, these united by their filaments into As traditionally circumscribed the Sterculiaceae, Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, and Tiliaceae comprise the "core Malvales" of the Cronquist system and the close relationship among these families is generally recognized. D. Bombacaceae members’ flowers are often large and showy. Classic name for willow. The Thorne system takes an intermediate approach in combining the bulk of the traditional Sterculiaceae (but not including Sterculia itself) with elements of the traditional Tiliaceae to form the family Byttneriaceae. tea-Is tea harmful or beneficial? Based on Sequences of the Chloroplast Gene. 4. Height: 20 feet. carpels are completely distinct at maturity. Theobroma cacao ; New World Crop-Plant Characteristics. Sterculiaceae A family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that have stellate hairs or scales. comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. Rounded Shape. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. actinomorphic or rarely zygomorphic, and are bisexual or not uncommonly functionally Introduction. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). Primitive characters: 1. Title: Microsoft Word - Vol 12 text.published.02Oct2007.doc Author: Nick Turland Created Date: 10/3/2007 2:36:52 PM presence of stellate hairs. Family: Sterculiaceae Trochetia Origin: Mauritius. ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A Almost all parts of the plants including root, bark, and leaf of the species from the family were reported to exhibit a broad range of medicinal properties (Table 1). Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. Malvaceae: Byttnerioideae, Helicteroideae & Sterculioideae - formerly Sterculiaceae Wild, H. (1960-1) Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Description of the family Many species yield timber. P: Genus Agalinis Raf. It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. Sterculiaceae – Cacao Family Plants in the mainly tropical and subtropical Cacao Family (Sterculiaceae) are trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs with mucilaginous, fibrous bark, simple, alternate leaves, flowers with 5 or 0 petals, and fruit in the form of … a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. Phylogenetic Relationships and Floral Evolution of the Byttnerioideae ("Sterculiaceae" or Malvaceae s.l.) Family: Sterculiaceae Danta Other Common Names: Kotibe (Ivory Coast), Otutu (Nigeria), Owoe (Cameroon), Arborbo (Gabon), Kondofindo (Zaire), Naouya (Angola), Abumana, Akumaba, Epro (Ghana). Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. Engler and Prantl put this family together with Tiliaceae, Bombaceae and Sterculiaceae in the order Malvales. SOUTHERN FLANNEL BUSH, MEXICAN FLANNEL BUSH. an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually A 2006 molecular study indicated the Sterculioideae was most likely to be a monophyletic group, and that it had four major clades within it. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. unisexual. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. The most famous products of the family are chocolate and cocoa from Theobroma cacao, followed by kola nuts. Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. Width: 12 feet. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. The fruit is variable; sometimes the Hutchinson placed the single family under Malvales. Description: In this region, Sterculiaceae are all trees and shrubs except for the liana genus Byttneria.Most of them are easy to identify to order Malvales by their 3-veined leaves with stellate trichomes and double-pulvinar petioles, but in some cases familial assignment is almost impossible without first identifying the genus. – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. – chiranthodendron P: Genus Cola Schott & Endl. The perianth is commonly uniseriate, consisting of 3-5 valvate, basally connate It contains no crop plants of great economic importance but is notable for many ornamental garden plants, such as butterfly bush Seed pod characteristics are imoportant in separating genera in the family. Genera: 2. lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. A., C. Bayer, and D. A. Baum. This family consists of palm plants. This method has been applied Some plants are shrubs and tree-like. Numerous phylogenetic studies have revealed that Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic. Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. It is also allied to the family Elaeocarpaceae and hence Bentham and Hooker had included the latter in Tiliaceae. The gynoecium Longevity Less than 50 years. sepals, but sometimes an equal number of petals are also present. Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. Its members are characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. -Family Sterculiaceae. vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. – brachychiton P: Genus Chiranthodendron Cerv. Whitlock, B. It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up Sterculiaceae definition is - a large family of herbs, shrubs, or trees (order Malvales) distinguished mainly by the numerous monadelphous stamens and 2-celled anthers. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Presence of mucilage in plant parts. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately 2. It is a good emulsion stabilizer for French style salad dressings. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. be useful as a diagnostic feature (Chattaway, 1937). Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) Medicinal uses of some species from family Sterculiaceae Plants from family Sterculiaceae have long been used as traditional medicine in several countries and tribes. In that view the taxa formerly classified in Sterculiaceae are treated in the subfamilies Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae sensu lato. It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. Distribution: Found from Sierra Leone to Cameroon and northern Gabon, occupies mixed and dry deciduous forests and transitional forests. Has Evergreen foliage. P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. 3. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. However, the relationships between the clades were not resolved. Family Sterculiaceae – Cacao family : Contains 19 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abroma Jacq. The androecium most Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. ... Tree Characteristics. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. & Bonpl. 22.177). That … Family: Hamamelidaceae. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family.
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