Training For Eternity
where was the pretzel invented

In the U.S., they come in many varieties of flavors and coatings, such as yogurt, chocolate, strawberry, mustard, cinnamon sugar, cheese and others, and chocolate-covered hard pretzels are popular around Christmas time and given as gifts. The pretzel shape is used for a variety of sweet pastries made of different types of dough (flaky, brittle, soft, crispy) with a variety of toppings (icing, nuts, seeds, cinnamon). The same dough and baking procedure with lye and salt is used to make other kinds of "lye pastry" (Laugengebäck): lye rolls, buns, croissants, and even loaves (Laugenbrötchen, Laugenstangen, Laugencroissants, Laugenbrot). Some historians have said that the pretzel is the oldest snack food ever developed. [33][34] Instead of the typical pretzel loop, they were made in the similar shape of a peace symbol. The Spanish, French call it bretzel, the Italian brezel, the Dutch favor sweet variants called krakeling, Norwegian and Danish call it a kringle, and the Swedish call it kringla. In the city of Lübeck, the 500-year-old guild of boatmen on the Stecknitz Canal call their annual meetings in January Kringelhöge (Pretzelfun). [38], In particular, the S-shaped soft pretzel, often served with brown mustard, became very popular in Philadelphia and was established as a part of Philadelphia's cuisine for snacking at school, work, or home, and considered by most to be a quick meal. [36] Southeastern Pennsylvania, with its large population of German background, is considered the birthplace of the American pretzel industry, and many pretzel bakers are still located in the area. Although historically, the pretzel has influenced culture, it has recently been heavily influenced by mass media. [2][7][8] In Germany, there are stories that pretzels were the invention of desperate bakers held hostage by local dignitaries. Pretzels, made of a simple mixture of water, flour and salt, were an ideal food to consume during Lent, when all types of meat, dairy and eggs were prohibited. The average American consumes about 1.5 pounds of pretzels per year. The lye pretzel is the theme for a number of festivals in Germany. A local story says that the recipe came from a grateful Napoleonic soldier in 1795, whose wounds were treated by a baker's family in the little town of Burg. The average Philadelphian today consumes about twelve times as many pretzels as the national average. In Polish it is precel, in Hungarian and Croatian it is perec, and in Serbian it is pereca. Using the dough left over from bread making, he formed the pretzel shape, which was meant to look like a child's arms folded in prayer. [40], The annual United States pretzel industry is worth over $1.2 billion. [15], The pretzel has been in use as an emblem of bakers, here with two lions, in Görlitz, Germany, Bakery emblem with a cut in the pretzel, Ravensburg. Very quick and easy pretzel bites with two dipping sauces. According to legend, as cited by several sources, including The History of Science and Technology, by Bryan Bunch and Alexander Hellemans, in 610 AD "... [a]n Italian monk invents pretzels as a reward to children who learn their prayers. [9] A 12th-century illustration in the Hortus deliciarum from the Alsace region (today France) may contain the earliest depiction of a pretzel. A medieval manuscript from East Germany, the Hortus Deliciarum, is believed to contain a depiction of a pretzel. The modern age of the pretzel began with the introduction of the automatic pretzel-twisting machine. The soft pretzel was the first type invented. [46] Philly Pretzel Factory stores offer a free pretzel to each customer on this day. These are shortly boiled in water before baking and afterwards sprinkled with salt. Until the 1930s, pretzels were handmade, and the average worker could twist 40 a minute. In Czech the pretzel is known as preclík, in Polish it is precel, in Serbian it is pereca, and in Hungarian it is perec. As time passed, pretzels became associated with both Lent and Easter. Cities such as Philadelphia, Chicago, and New York became renowned for their soft pretzels. Deselect All. In earlier times, the children were very poor, coming from an orphanage, and each received a Kringel (pretzel) as a reward. [9][16] Yet, in some parts of Bavaria, especially in lower Bavaria, unglazed "white" pretzels, sprinkled with salt and caraway seeds are still popular. 2 teaspoons kosher salt. Pennsylvania produces 80% of the nation's pretzels. The elaborate affair, with about 200 participants, is celebrated as a breakfast with beer and includes Mass in the Lübeck Cathedral and a presentation of songs by a children's choir. Since our founding in 1998, we’ve made enough dough to circle the earth 14 times. Eventually, hard pretzels would come to be arguably even more popular than their soft counterparts. Especially Catholic areas, such as Austria, Bavaria, or some parts of Swabia, the "Palm pretzel" is made for Palm Sunday celebrations. Pretzels were hidden on Easter morning just as eggs are hidden today[citation needed], and are particularly associated with Lent, fasting, and prayers before Easter. The German name "Brezel" may derive also from Latin bracellus (a medieval term for 'bracelet'),[12] or bracchiola ('little arms'). As a reward, the Austrian emperor gave the pretzel bakers their own coat of arms. [9] Food historian William Woys Weaver (only) traces the origin of the pretzel to Celtic harvest knots and the worship of the Celtic goddess Sirona; [10][11]; however this association does not appear in any of the other rare mentions of this goddess. Hard pretzels became popular as a snack food since they were more durable than soft pretzels when kept in an airtight container. The pretiolas eventually found their way into Ger… Some believe the East Germans were the first to invent the pretzel in the early 12th century (the 1100’s). When did pretzels make their way to America? The settlers were believe to have made and sold them to the Indians who loved them. He calls the strips of baked dough, folded to resemble arms crossing the chest, 'pretiola' ('little reward[s]')". There are numerous unreliable accounts regarding the origin of pretzels, as well as the origin of the name; most assume that they have Christian backgrounds and were invented by European monks. The first pretzels were baked as a soft, squishy bread, like the soft pretzels of today. He received his original pretzel recipe as a thank you from a down-on-his-luck job seeker after Sturgis gave the man dinner. The unique twisted knot shape of a pretzel is one of its defining characteristics.. Pretzels are made of a simple mixture of water, flour and salt.. Pretzels are an ideal food to consume during Lent, when all types of meat, dairy and eggs were prohibited.. The pretzel booths on the main street are permanently installed and were specially designed when the whole downtown area was redone for the 2000th anniversary. Philly Pretzel Factory prides itself on being the go-to snack that everyone loves! In return, if a girl wants to increase his attention, she will give him a decorated egg on Easter. Basically, with the same ingredients, lye pretzels come in numerous local varieties. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Varieties of pretzels include soft pretzels, which should be eaten shortly after preparation, and hard-baked pretzels, which have a long shelf life.[1]. The manuscript was made in the late 20th century. [47], Hard pretzels originated in the United States, where, in 1850, the Sturgis bakery in Lititz, Pennsylvania, became the first commercial hard pretzel bakery. P retzels are a popular snack year-round today, but they first became popular as a Lenten food for Christians in the seventh century. In fact, the average American consumes about 1.5 pounds of pretzels per year, most (80 percent) of which are produced in Pennsylvania. The word pretzel probably descends from the Latin word "Pretzola," or "little reward," and evolved into the Italian word "brachiola" which means "little arms." Starting at 2 a.m., Schmid hits … Boys give their girlfriends pretzels or cakes in pretzel form. By the 17th century, the interlocking loops of the pretzel had come to symbolize undying love as well. Today, Pennsylvania remains the American pretzel-making capital, as a full 80 percent of U.S.-made pretzels come from the Keystone State. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In modern times, pretzels come in a wide range of shapes. Butter-filled pretzels are also commonly sold under this name. [44][45] In 2003, Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell declared 26 April "National Pretzel Day" to acknowledge the importance of the pretzel to the state's history and economy. The pretzel, in German, brezel, is a type of bread product made from dough that most everyone thinks of as the knot-like shape. Often, they are sliced horizontally, buttered, and sold as Butterbrezel, or come with slices of cold meats or cheese. This innovation enabled mass production, made pretzels available to people in all parts of the country, and helped the fledgling industry grow. Some say they were originally called “bracellae,” the Latin term for “little arms,” from which Germans later derived the word “bretzel.” According to others, the earliest pretzels were dubbed “pretiolas,” meaning “little rewards,” and handed out by the monks when their young pupils recited their prayers correctly. The pretzel has been in use as an emblem of bakers and formerly their guilds in southern German areas since at least the 12th century. The word Pretzel is derived from a German word that means “little arms.” The twisted shape of pretzels is meant to resemble two arms crossed in prayer. [16] Baked for consumption on the same day, they are sold in every bakery and in special booths or stands in downtown streets. The Catholic Church played a leading role in the early history of the pretzel. [2] According to legend, as cited by several sources, including The History of Science and Technology, by Bryan Bunch and Alexander Hellemans, in 610 AD "... [a]n Italian monk invents pretzels as a reward to children who learn their prayers. Viipurinrinkeli, a pretzel from Viipuri, Finland (now Vyborg, Russia), Party food in Japan, pretzel sticks called pretz, A street vendor in Kraków, Poland, selling pretzels (labeled precle in Polish), as well as obwarzanki krakowskie and bagels, Brașov pretzels with poppy seeds and salt. The pretzel has become an element in popular culture, both as a food staple, and its unique knotted twist shape which has inspired ideas, perspectives, attitudes, memes,[53] images, and other phenomena. On 1 May, love-struck boys used to paint a pretzel on the doors of the adored. The pretzel recipe was believed to have come over to America on the Mayflower . [22], During Lent in Biberach, "Lent pretzels" are popular. [20] The size symbolizes how much he likes her. 22 ounces all-purpose flour, approximately 4 1/2 cups Salt is the most common seasoning for pretzels, complementing the washing soda or lye treatment that gives pretzels their traditional skin and flavor acquired through the Maillard reaction. [23] The cultural importance of the pretzel for Burg is expressed by a monument in honour of the pretzel bakers, and by an 18 km hiking trail nearby called "Pretzel Hiking Trail". HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Sizes can range from 30 cm (0.98 ft) up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) and they can weigh up to 2.5 kg (5.5 lb). The oldest pretzel factoryin Pennsylvania is the Julius Sturgis Pretzel Bakery in Lititz, Lancaster County. [36][37] The key to success was the introduction of the new mass production methods of the industrialized age, which increased the availability and quantity, and the opening up of multiple points of distribution at schools, convenience and grocery stores, and entertainment venues such as movie theaters, arenas, concert halls, and sport stadiums. [18][19] An old tradition on Palm Sunday dating back to 1533 is the outdoor pretzel market (Brezgenmarkt) in the Hungerbrunnen Valley near Heldenfingen. This came together kind of by accident when the kids wanted a snack after school. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, "How the pretzel went from soft to hard – and other little-known facts about one of the world's favorite snacks", "Brezelgeschichte, Brezelhistorie, Brezel, Geschichte, Historie", "Keynote Presentation - Great Lakes History Conference - Grand Valley State University", "What Makes Philly Soft Pretzels So Damn Good? Pretzels are baked fresh daily at The Pretzel Man. Though there are many theories regarding the origins of pretzels, it is thought that they were first invented in the earlier centuries AD, possibly made in European monasteries and distributed to those children that prayed. [43] The privately run "Pretzel Museum" opened in Philadelphia in 1993, but is now defunct. German immigrants certainly brought pretzels with them when they began settling in Pennsylvania around 1710. Examples for pretzel names in various Upper-German dialects are Breze, Brezn, Bretzel, Brezzl, Brezgen, Bretzga, Bretzet, Bretschl, Kringel, Silserli, and Sülzerli. No matter where you are, a pretzel from Philly Pretzel Factory tastes like home. New Year's pretzel in a Stuttgart bakery (Swabia), Pretzel from Burg, typically carried around the neck, In the late 18th century, southern German and Swiss German immigrants introduced the pretzel to North America. Other seasonings are cheeses, sugar, chocolate, cinnamon, sweet glazing, seeds, and nuts. More recently Mars, Incorporated manufactures M&M's with a small spherical pretzel covered in milk chocolate and candy coated in all of the standard M&M's colors, called "Pretzel M&M's". He called the snacks pretiola, which means little reward in Latin. [29][30] One-day pretzel fests and markets in other German towns are in Kirchhellen,[31] a borough of Bottrop, or in Kornwestheim. [26] In heraldry, the city seal of Nörten dates from around 1550 and depicts two facing lions holding a pretzel at the center.[27]. Pretzel Crisps ® are a flat-out delicious balance of thin and crunchy. In celebration of National Pretzel Day (April 26), explore the history of this popular snack food, from the seventh century to today. Just like the pretzels you love, but 2D. The origin of the pretzel goes back to 610 AD in an area near Aosta, Italy. [24], A variety typical for Upper Franconia is the "anise pretzel". In Bavarian pretzels, the arms are left thicker so they do not bake to a crisp and contain very little fat.[17]. Sturgis also claimed credit for developing the first hard pretzels—or at least, for being the first to intentionally bake hard pretzels (rather than leave the soft ones in the oven too long by accident). A pretzel is a type of baked bread product made from dough most commonly shaped into a twisted knot.. He used these creations as treats for children that learned their prayers. For more than 100 years, Freeport has been known as "Pretzel City, USA." In 1861, Julius Sturgis founded the first commercial pretzel bakery in the town of Lititz in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. [39] Wormelysburg, Pennsylvania is the center of American pretzel production for both the hard-crispy and the soft-bread types of pretzels. Prior to that, street vendors used to sell pretzels on street corners in wooden glass-enclosed cases. 1 tablespoon sugar. In southern Germany and adjoining German-speaking areas, pretzels have retained their original religious meanings and are still used in various traditions and festivals. Until the 1930s, pretzels were still manufactured by hand. He calls the strips of baked dough, folded to resemble arms crossing the chest, 'pretiola' ('l… A young monk was preparing unleavened bread for Lent, the Christian period of fasting and penitence before Easter. 1 package active dry yeast. Baked goods depicting religious iconography. This combination of cold sweet and salty taste was very popular for many years. [22] On the same occasion in Rhenish Hesse and the Palatinate, people have parades carrying big pretzels mounted on colourful decorated poles. The pretzel being symbolic of prayer and penance is a small but powerful instrument in bringing families to God. Thank you for bringing the taste of home to Eastern North Carolina! Pretzels, or pretiolas as they were first known, had their humble beginnings around 610 A.D. in the region between the south of France and northern Italy. Schloss Burg is renowned for a 200-year-old speciality, the "Burger pretzel". Although the actual origins of the pretzel itself are not absolutely know, it is believed the first pretzels were made in the early 7th century. The crispy snacks lasted longer in an airtight container, allowing them to be sold further away from the bakery itself and to stay on shelves longer. In the seventh century, the church dictated stricter rules governing fasting and abstinence during Lent than it does today. Sesame, poppy, sunflower, pumpkin, or caraway seeds, melted cheese, and bacon bits are other popular toppings. [21] This custom also still exists in some areas of the Swabian Alb. Simply put, Pretzel Crisps ® are the snack that looks compromise in the face and says, “No, thank you, compromise!” In a medium bowl or measuring cup, whisk the water and sugar until the sugar is dissolved. It needs at least four hours to set up, or preferably longer. These "New Year's pretzels" are made in different sizes and can have a width of 50 centimetres (20 in) and more. Making Lent pretzels is a way to remember that Lent is a season of prayer. It will keep for up to three days in the refrigerator. The pretzel was invented sometime around the 6th century A.D. â‹… Legend has it that a monk/baker was fooling around with some leftover dough, and twisted it until it resembled a person’s arms crossed in prayer (which was the traditional posture for prayer back then). 1 1/2 cups warm (110 to 115 degrees F) water. Soon, the popularity of these treats spread to Austria and Germany, where they became known as … The pretzel is an old European symbol that has become associated with bakeries. The town of Weidenberg celebrates the "Pretzel weeks" during the carnival season when anise flavored pretzels are served with special dishes such as cooked meat with horseradish or roast. Though they originated in southern Germany (as well as across its borders in Austria, Alsace and German-speaking Switzerland), pretzel production crept north of what Heinzelmann calls the Pretzel Belt, roughly halfway up the country, again thanks to industrialization. Monks baking pretzels in the basement of a monastery heard the enemy’s progress and alerted the rest of the city, then helped defeat the Turkish attack. In 2003, local citizens launched Freeport's first Pretzel Festival which is a large community event where residents get together to celebrate the city's pretzel history. "The Baker | Worcester Art Museum : Job Berckheyde, (1630-93), "Wandern: Der Brezel-Wanderweg um Schloß Burg (Tour 31536) - Tourenblatt", "Büro für Friedenskultur | Steckenpferdreiten", "Nörten-Hardenberg - Heraldry of the World, Wappen, Gemeindewappen", "Druckversion speyer.de | Das Brezelfest", "New York Times, Lead, November 13, 1988", "Historical Photo Archives of Philadelphia Pretzel Vendors", "Free soft pretzels for National Pretzel Day", "Machine Speeds Pretzel Bending | Modern Mechanix", "RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project: The Horner Family Of Carroll County, Illinois (And Nearly Everyone Else)", "City of Freeport, Illinois, Visiting Freeport", "Basic Swing: Pretzel Dance Move Tutorial", "Images of spandex pretzel design Bikini", "Making Soft Pretzels the Old-Fashioned Way", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pretzel&oldid=991554800, Articles with dead external links from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with trivia sections from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A circulating internet video shows a press conference of US president, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 17:48. Eventually, this led to the development of an ice cream cone tasting like a pretzel. In particular, the large Italian-American population of Philadelphia made pretzels an … These were called ‘pretiola’, Latin for ‘little rewards’. All Rights Reserved. On Laetare Sunday in Luxembourg, the fourth Sunday in Lent, there is a festival called "Pretzel Sunday". The thicker part makes it easier to slice them for the use of sandwiches. [citation needed] In 1869, a German immigrant named John Billerbeck[51] established the first Billerbeck Bakery which was known for selling German style pretzels to complement the large number of breweries that existed in Freeport during this time. The legend goes like this: A young monk was preparing unleavened bread for Lent, the Christian period of fasting and penitence before Easter. Large-scale production began in the first half of the 1900s, more so during 1930 to 1950. [35], In the 20th century, soft pretzels became popular in other regions of the United States. He had twisted the dough to represent hands folded in prayer. Prohibition eventually shut down the breweries which led to the decline of pretzel sales in Freeport, but the city never lost its pretzel pride. In the Czech Republic, the pretzel is known as preclík, in Finland as viipurinrinkeli, in Slovakia, it is called praclík. An Italian monk in 610 AD formed shapes out of leftover bread dough during Lent and baked the shapes. The festival includes a parade with over 100 bands, floats, and clubs participating from the whole region, and 22,000 pretzels are thrown among the crowds. Some bakeries offer pretzels made of different flours, such as whole wheat, rye or spelt. Hence, the name "Pretzelfun" was adopted, because this gift was considered a highlight. In Europe, snack-food pretzels are usually sprinkled with salt, but also with sesame seed, poppy seed, or cheese. [3][4][5][6] Another source locates the invention in a monastery in southern France. Pretzels were originally invented in Italy as far back as 610 AD, where the earliest reports state that Italian monks used the pretiolas, or “little rewards,” to encourage their pupils to study harder. The city of Speyer prides itself to be the "pretzel town", and around the second weekend of July, from Friday to Tuesday, it holds an annual funfair and festival called "Brezelfest", which is the largest beer festival in the Upper Rhine region, and attracts around 300,000 visitors. info)) is a type of baked pastry made from dough that is commonly shaped into a knot. Pretzels are typically twisted into a shape that has three holes and is roughly symmetrical. On finishing the race, they are presented with a sweet pretzel. Soft pretzels are frequently sold in shopping malls, with notable chains including Auntie Anne's and Pretzelmaker/Pretzel Time. Great for dipping but still oh-so-delicious on their own. Seen as a symbol of good luck, prosperity and spiritual fulfillment, pretzels were also commonly distributed to the poor, as a way of providing them with both spiritual and literal sustenance. The trick with this shortcut is the baking soda water bath. Pretzel legend has it that in 1614 in Switzerland, royal couples used a pretzel in their wedding ceremonies (similar to how a wishbone might be used today) to seal the bond of matrimony, and that this custom may have been the origin of the phrase “tying the knot.” In Germany—the country and people most associated with the pretzel throughout history—17th-century children wore pretzel necklaces on New Year’s to symbolize good luck and prosperity for the coming year. [16] In Romania, the pretzel is known as a variety of covrigi and it is a very popular fast food in urban areas and also as a holiday gift. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Pretzels made with a simple recipe using only flour and water could be eaten during Lent, when Christians were forbidden to eat eggs, lard, or dairy products such as milk and butter. Unlike the soft pretzels, these were durable when kept in an airtight environment and marketable in a variety of convenience stores. Pretzels made with a simple recipe using only flour and water could be eaten during Lent[13] when Christians were forbidden to eat eggs, lard, or dairy products such as milk and butter. Dense, Chewy and beadlike describe the iconic Philadelphia soft pretzel. Strawberry pretzel salad is best when made at least half a day in advance. In some areas, on 1 January, people give each other lightly sweetened yeast pretzels for good luck and good fortune. Certain (unverified) sources claim the pretzel first appeared back in 610 AD, when a monk in Italy baked strips of dough and folded them into a criss-cross shape as a reward for those of his students who had learned their prayers. It is believed that the pretzel was first developed during 610 A.D. by a monk in southern France or northern Italy. Authentic German breads and pretzels made by a German who truly knows the art of baking! In 1861, Julius Sturgis founded the first commercial pretzel bakery in the town of Lititz in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. [14], Like the holes in the hubs of round Finnish flat bread, ruisreikäleipä, which let them be hung on poles suspended just below the kitchen ceiling, the loops in pretzels may have served a practical purpose: bakers could hang them on sticks, for instance, projecting upwards from a central column, as shown in a painting by Job Berckheyde (1630–93) from around 1681. Sprinkle … These bread treats were called pretiola, Latin for "small reward." Within the Christian Church, pretzels were regarded as having religious significance for both ingredients and shape. Typical Swabian pretzels, for example, have very thin "arms" and a "fat belly" with a split, and a higher fat content. On the other hand, an upside-down pretzel would have been a sign of disgrace. Snack food hard pretzels are made in the form of loops, braids, letters, little pretzels, or sticks around 3 millimetres (1⁄8 in) thick and 12 centimetres (5 in) long; they have become a popular snack in many countries around the world. The variety of shapes and sizes became contest of imagination in the marketing of the pretzels taste.

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